Nepal marks one year anniversary of devastating earthquake
April 25, Kathmandu: Nepal marked the first anniversary of the devastating 7.8-magnitude earthquake with different programmes remembering the April 24 earthquake and a second tremor 17 days later.
Memorial events were organized in the name of each victim. More than 9,000 of people lost their lives and thousands more were injured in earthquake that hit Nepal's capital, Kathmandu, and its surrounding areas on 25 April 2015.
The earthquake was followed by a large number of aftershocks, including one that measured 7.3, on 12 May.
Among the worst-hit districts was Sindhupalchok - where more than 2,000 died and destroyed more than 90 percent of the homes. In the capital, Kathmandu, more than 1,000 perished. The Jelaan community of Bhaktapur, in Kathmandu, was also badly affected.
Across Nepal, nearly 650,000 families were displaced, forced to abandon their homes and communities for tented relief camps. Up north, furious landslides left remote alpine villages like Barpak, which sat at the epicenter of the April quake, all but cut off from the rest of Nepal, accessible only by helicopter.
Countrywide more than 600,000 homes were damaged beyond repair, as pent-up energy from the collision of two subterranean slabs of rock known as the Indian and Eurasian plates rippled out across one of the world’s poorest countries.
As tens of thousands of earthquake victims prepare to endure a second monsoon season living in temporary shelters, the country also faces the risk of fresh political turmoil. While the border unrest eased after Nepal’s main political parties amended the constitution in January, the changes do not fully address the Madhesi demands for a more equitable settlement, leaving open the door to further strife, according to analysts at the International Crisis Group. In a new report in early April, they warned that the country risked further violence, as Madhesi groups remain dissatisfied with the constitutional changes.
There is also the continued threat of natural disasters, with the country experiencing a series of smaller tremors since last year’s earthquakes, most recently on April 9, when a 4.5 magnitude rupture jolted Nepal, according to the reprots.
The Oslo Times